Wed tut: how to answer questions

Hey everyone. Wednesday’s tut will focus on exam techniques and how to answer questions. We will be working through 3 questions from the last exam. In order for this to be most beneficial you need to do the questions before, written answers done in exam conditions (i.e. strictly 45 mins for each question). Bring your answers with. The aim is not to go through the factual answer, you can and should look that up before, but more on the approach or what is actually wanted. 

The 3 questions can be found on the college website: FCA Part 1 March 2014 or below:  Physiology question1, pharm question 2, physics question 1

Cheers Tracy and Marianna 

Physiology: Question1

a) Describe in detail the stages of systole and diastole. (10) 

b) Discuss the factors that determine the balance between MDO2 (oxygen supply) and MVO2 (oxygen demand) in the myocardium. (20) 

c) Explain the pathophysiology of the following 

i) Systolic heart failure. (5) 

ii) Diastolic heart failure. (5) 

d) The heart may be described as being part of the endocrine system. Validate this statement by describing in detail the hormones secreted by the heart and their actions. (10) 

[50] 

Pharm: question 2

2 a) Classify opioids according to their receptor action. For each class, list one example. (8) 

b) Describe the distribution of opioid receptors in the human body. (7) 

c) List the different types of opioid receptors. For each receptor describe the clinical effect associated with that receptor. (14) 

d) Describe the mechanism of action of morphine at an opioid receptor. (6) 

e) Using pharmacokinetic principles, discuss the rapid onset and offset of action of alfentanil. (5) 

f) Using relevant pharmacological information, briefly discuss the utility of tramadol 

usage for “rescue” pain management in the recovery room. (10) 

[50] 

Physics: question 1

1 Automated non-invasive blood pressure monitors 

a) Describe in detail how automated non-invasive blood pressure monitors measure a patient’s blood pressure. (25) 

b) List the advantages of automated non-invasive blood pressure monitors. (5) 

c) Discuss the factors that may affect the accuracy of the non-invasively measured blood pressure. (20) 

[50] 

 

 

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